Elon University / Today at Elon / Yanica Faustin publishes an article in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Faustin, assistant professor in the Department of Public Health Studies, shares research that examines the main causes of racialized disparities in population health.
Yanica Faustin, Assistant Professor of Public Health Studies, co-authored a paper titled “Black Nativity and Health Disparities: A Research Paradigm for Understanding the Social Determinants of Health” alongside Mosi Ifatunji of the University of Wisconsin at Madison, Deshira Wallace from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Wendy Lee, also from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
The article, published in a special issue on “The health of African migrants: the burden, determinants and solutions” in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, compares the mental and physical health of black people born in the United States United and abroad. populations. The manuscript reviews 208 studies and provides a population-based comparative study, analyzing the pattern of health outcomes between foreign-born blacks and US-born blacks.
“The foreign-born black population in the United States has grown exponentially over the past few decades. and yet research on this population has not kept pace with growth,” Faustin said. “Part of what contributes to this disconnect is the lack of relevant data sources.”
While there is some complexity, particularly around mental health, the general trend seen in the literature is that foreign-born blacks have lower rates of adverse health outcomes than blacks. Blacks born in the United States. Many studies have been unable to explain these differences, illustrating the need for further research into contributing structural mechanisms. This publication also highlighted health outcomes where there is less research that focuses on this in comparing black people, such as cancer research.
Additionally, the study discussed the need for increased data collection and data availability at a nationally representative level for the diverse black population living in the United States.
The publication is available online here.